Computational linguistics

Computational Linguistics is a subfield of Linguistics in which logical modelling of natural language from an computational perspective is central. This modelling is not limited to a particular field of linguistics. It is quite an interdisciplinary field, drawing the involvement of linguists, computer scientists, experts in artificial intelligence, cognitive psychologists and logicians, amongst others.

Some of the areas of research that are studied by computational linguistics include:

  • Computer aided Corpus linguistics
  • Design of parsers for natural languages
  • Design of taggers like POS-taggers (part-of-speech taggers)
  • Definition of specialized logics like resource logics for NLP
  • Research in the relation between formal and natural languages in general
  • Machine Translation, e.g. by a translating computer

The Association for Computational Linguistics defines computational linguistics as:
...the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. Computational linguists are interested in providing computational models of various kinds of linguistic phenomena.

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