The term equestrianism
relates to the riding of horses
. This is a broad description and includes both riding horses for practical purposes such as in police work or for controlling herd animals on a ranch
, as well as recreational and sporting aspects such as horse riding sports, dressage
, show jumping
. Other horse riding retreations include horse-racing
, fox hunting
In former times equestrianism was closely associated with the military: mediaeval knights were equestrians, as were their military successors, the cavalry.