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Henry David Thoreau
He decided to become a writer and moved to New York Cty. His brother died in 1842 and Thoreau returned to Concord in 1843.
Thoreau embarked on the two-year experiment in simple living on July 4, 1845 when he moved to the second growth forest around the shores of beautiful Walden Pond, not far from his friends and family in Concord. He left Walden Pond on September 6, 1847 to live with his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson and Emerson's family in Concord, Massachusetts. Thoreau refused to pay taxes in 1846 bassed on his opposition of the mexican war, and was later jailed. Thoreau described this event in his essay entitled Civil Disobedience. Walden, detailing the two years and two months he spent at Walden Pond, was published in 1854.
At various times, Thoreau earned a living as a teacher or a labourer, and by working at his family's pencil factory. He also invented a machine which simplified production while cutting manufacturing costs.
Thoreau died in the city of his birth, Concord, and below is a picture of Thoreau's grave in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery (not the famous Sleepy Hollow Cemetery) of Concord, Massachusetts:
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