Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals from the ground, usually from an ore body or vein.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Mining techniques
3 Materials commonly recovered by mining
4 Further reading

History

The first mining operation on Earth may have been the turquoise mine operated by the ancient Egyptians at Wady Maghareh on the Sinai Peninsula. Turquoise was also mined in pre-Columbian America in the Cerillos Mining District in New Mexico where a mass of rock 200 feet in depth and 300 feet in width was removed with stone tools; the mine dump covers 20 acres.

Mining techniques

Bioleaching is the application of naturally available bacteria to extract metals from their ore.

See also: Coal mining

Materials commonly recovered by mining

bauxite (for aluminum)
coal,
copper,
diamonds,
iron (from the ores haematite and limonite),
gold,
nickel,
salt,
silver,
tin,
uranium.

Further reading

  • Hardrock Gold: A Miner's Tale, Tom Morrison, illustrated by Cherry Hunter, University of Oklahoma Press, 1992, hardcover, ISBN 0806124423



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