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MusicThe actual definition of music is hotly contested, and sounds accepted as music vary according to historical era, culture and individual taste, but it is usually held that the sounds must at least be consciously organized, or consciously recognizable as being the result of something other than accident. This generally means that they were produced with a degree of intention either by an individual or a group. Broadly speaking, music, applied to what is heard, is the eloquent arrangement of sound and silence, but music also encompasses performance practice, and relating music to other arts, such as dance and poetry.
Most music is made of tones (symbolized by musical notes) with definite pitcheses. Different tones, played one after the other constitute a melody, when they are heard as some sort of unit. While a unit of different tones played simultaneously make chordss, and the succession of chords in time makes a "progression". The study of progressions of chords is called harmony. Sounds of indefinite pitch sounds are often provided by percussion. The temporal organisation of all of these elements is called duration or rhythm. The quality of a sound is called timbre and varies between kinds and types of instruments, which are tools used to play music. The perceived loudness or softness of a sound is called intensity, often indicated by dynamics.
A musician, then, is someone attempting to take material, written down or not, and produce sound which is musical to the listeners. They may be performing music which is close to the source, also called "interpretation", or alternatively the music may be, to a large degree and made up by the performers as they go along (improvisation), though most improvisation is usually within more or less strict boundaries.
Music can also be determined by describing a "process" which may create musical sounds, examples of this range from wind chimes, through computer programs which select sounds. Music which contains elements selected by chance is called Aleatoric music, and is most famously associated with John Cage and Witold Lutoslawski.
After 1960, listening to music through a recorded form, such as sound recording or watching a music video became more common than experiencing live performance. Sometimes, live performances incorporate prerecorded sounds; for example, a DJ uses records for scratching. Of course, you can also create music yourself, by singing, playing a musical instrument, or composing. Modern beginners usually try the guitar or the piano as a first instrument. Many music festivals exist these days celebrating a particular music genre.
Deaf people can experience music by feeling the vibrations in their body; the most famous example of a deaf musician is the composer Ludwig van Beethoven, who composed many famous works even after he had completely lost his hearing. In more modern times, Evelyn Glennie, who has been deaf since the age of twelve, is a highly acclaimed percussionist. See: Baschet Brothers.
Genres of music are as often determined by tradition and presentation as by the actual music. While most classical music is acoustical in nature, and meant to be performed by individuals, many works include samples, tape, or are mechanical, and yet described as "classical". Some works, for example Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue is claimed by both Jazz and Classical Music.
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