1512 - The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
1604 - At Whitehall Palace in London, the William Shakespeare tragedy Othello is presented for the first time.
1611 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeare's romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time.
1683 - The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
1755 - 1755 Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty and ninety thousand people.
1765 - The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
1800 - US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
1848 - In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
1859 - The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lighted for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for nineteen miles.
1861 - American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George McClellan as commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
1870 - In the United States, the newly-created Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast: "High winds at Chicago and Milwaukee... and along the Lakes."
1894 - Russian Tsar Alexander III dies and is succeeded by his son Nicholas II.
1914 - World War I: Battle of Coronel fought - A Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Craddock is met and defeated by the superior German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee. This is the first British naval defeat of the war.
1922 - The Ottoman Empire is abolished and its last sultan, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
1943 - World War II: Operation Goodtime launched - United States Marines invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
1950 - While staying at the Blair-Lee House in Washington, D.C during White House repairs, Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman.
1952 - Nuclear testing: Operation Ivy - The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["m" for megaton], at Eniwetok island in the Bikini atoll located in the Pacific Ocean.
1955 - A United Airlines DC-6B exploded in mid-air and crashed near Longmont, Colorado killing 44 people
1960 - While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
1969 - After seven years off the top of the charts, Elvis Presley's song "Suspicious Minds," hits No. 1 on the Billboard Music charts (this was the last time any song by Presley hit no. 1 while he was still alive).
1973 - Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
1979 - Iran hostage crisis: Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urged his people to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand attacks on United States and Israeli interests (on November 4 militants seized the US embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage).
1981 - Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
1993 - The Maastricht Treaty activates, formally establishing the European Union.
1994 - George Lucas leaves the day-to-day operations of his filmmaking business and starts a sabbatical (while on sabbatical, he wrote the prequel Star Wars trilogy).
1998 - The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
1778 - Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden († 1837)
1798 - Sir Henry Lee Guinness, brewer
1801 - Vincenzo Bellini, composer († 1835)
1871 - Stephen Crane, writer († 1900)
1877 - Roger Quilter, composer († 1953)
1880 - Alfred Wegener, meteorologist, geophysicist (&dagger 1930)
1880 - Sholom Asch, writer († 1957)
1880 - Grantland Rice, sports writer († 1954)
1892 - Alexander Alekhine, chess player († 1946)
1902 - Eugen Jochum, conductor († 1987)
1923 - Gordon R. Dickson, science fiction author († 2001)
1923 - Victoria de los Angeles, soprano
1929 - Betsy Palmer, actress
1934 - William Mathias, composer († 1992)
1935 - Gary Player, golfer
1943 - Salvatore Adamo Belgian/Italian singer
1952 - Larry Flynt, magazine publisher
1957 - Lyle Lovett, singer
1962 - Anthony Kiedis, singer
1963 - Rick Allen, Def Leppard drummer
1967 - Sophie B. Hawkins, musician
1972 - Toni Collette, actress
1903 - Theodor Mommsen, author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1902
1924 - William Tilghman, frontier marshal
1963 - Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam
1972 - Ezra Pound, poet
1979 - Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States
1982 - King Vidor, film director
1982 - James Broderick, actor
1983 - Anthony van Hoboken, musicologist
1985 - Phil Silvers, actor, comedian
1999 - Walter Payton, American football player
2002 - Käte Jaenicke, actress
Catholicism - Festival of All Saints. Holiday in Spain and Croatia.
Mexico and United States - The Day of the Dead
October 31 - November 2 - October 1 - December 1 - more historical anniversaries
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December