1864 - Indian Wars: Sand Creek Massacre - Colorado volunteers led by Colonel John Chivington massacre at least 400 Cheyenne and Arapahoe noncombatants at Sand Creek, Colorado (where they had been given permission to camp).
1872 - Indian Wars: Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
1877 - Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time.
1890 - The Meiji Constitution goes into effect in Japan and the first Diet convenes.
1890 - In West Point, New York, the United States Navy defeats the United States Army 24 to 0 in the first Army-Navy football game.
1929 - US Admiral Richard Byrd becomes the first person to fly over the South Pole.
1944 - World War II: Albania is liberated from German occupation.
1945 - The People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is declared (this day was celebrated as Republic Day until the 1990s).
1947 - The United Nations General Assembly votes to partition Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1948 - The children's television program Kukla, Fran and Ollie debuts.
1950 - Korean War: North Korean and Chinese troops force a desperate retreat of United Nations forces from North Korea.
1952 - Korean War: US president-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower fulfills a campaign promise by traveling to Korea to find out what can be done to end the conflict.
1954 - The main immigration port-of-entry in New York Harbor at Ellis Island closes (the facility had processed more than 20 million immigrants since opening in 1892).
1961 - Mercury program: Mercury-Atlas 5 is launched with Enos the chimp aboard (the spacecraft orbited the Earth twice and splashed-down off the coast of Puerto Rico).
1963 - John F. Kennedy assassination: US President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
1963 - A Douglas DC-8 carrying Trans-Canada Airlines Flight 831 crashes into a wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval Airport near Montreal, killing all 118 on board (for many years this was the worst air disaster in Canada's history).
1967 - Vietnam War: US Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his pending resignation and that he will become president of the World Bank. This action was the result of US President Lyndon B. Johnson's outright rejection of McNamara's early November recommendations to freeze troop levels, stop bombing North Vietnam and handing over ground fighting to South Vietnam.
1975 - The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft became a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).
1981 - Off Santa Catalina Island, 43-year old actress Natalie Wood drowns during a boating accident.
1982 - Soviet invasion of Afghanistan: The United Nations General Assembly passes United Nations Resolution 3737, stating that the Soviet Union forces should withdraw from Afghanistan.
1987 - A Korean Air Boeing 707 exploded over the Thai-Burmese border killing 155.
1990 - Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council passes UN Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing military intervention in Iraq if that nation did not withdraw its forces from Kuwait and free all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.
1992 - Dennis Byrd of the New York Jets is paralyzed by a neck injury during a football game against the Kansas City Chiefs.
1762 - Pierre-Andre Latreille, French zoologist (d. 1833)
1797 - Gaetano Donizetti, opera composer (d. 1848)
1803 - Gottfried Semper, architect (d. 1879)
1803 - Christian Doppler, physicist (d. 1853)
1813 - Franz von Miklosich, linguist (d. 1891)
1816 - Morrison Waite, 7th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (d. 1888)
1832 - Louisa May Alcott, writer (d.1888)
1849 - Sir Ambrose Fleming, physicist (d. 1945)
1856 - Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, German Reichskanzler and Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1921)
1876 - Nellie Tayloe Ross, politician (d. 1977)
1881 - Julius Raab, politician and Austrian Bundeskanzler (d. 1964)
1895 - Busby Berkeley, film director, choreographer (d. 1976)
1895 - William Tubman, president of Liberia (d. 1971)
1896 - Yakima Canutt, actor, stunt man (d. 1986)
1898 - C. S. Lewis, writer (d. 1963)
1904 - Egon Eiermann, architect (d. 1970)
1908 - Adam Clayton Powell Jr, U.S. civil rights leader and politician (d. 1972)
1915 - Billy Strayhorn, musician, composer (d. 1967)
1917 - Merle Travis, country music singer (d. 1983)
1921 - Dagmar, television personality (d. 2001)
1927 - Vin Scully, baseball announcer
1932 - Diane Ladd, actress
1932 - Jacques Chirac, French political leader
1933 - John Mayall, blues musician
1938 - Michel Duchaussoy
1940 - Chuck Mangione, musician
1943 - Sue Miller, author
1947 - Petra Kelly, politician (d. 1992)
1949 - Garry Shandling, comedian, actor, writer, producer, director
1953 - Christine Pascale, actress (d. 1996)
1954 - Joel Coen, director, producer, writer
1955 - Howie Mandel, actor
1956 - Hinton Battle, dancer
1960 - Cathy Moriarty, actress
1961 - Kim Delaney, actress
1963 - Andrew McCarthy, actor
1964 - Don Cheadle, actor
1971 - Gena Lee Nolin, actress
1314 - King Philippe IV of France
1530 - Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, adviser to King Henry VIII of England
1643 - Claudio Monteverdi, Italian composer
1694 - Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician
1847 - Marcus and Narcissa Whitman, Washington state pioneers
1924 - Giacomo Puccini, composer
1953 - Sam De Grasse, pioneer Hollywood actor
1954 - Enrico Fermi, physicist
1957 - Erich Wolfgang Korngold, composer
1975 - Graham Hill, automobile racer
1981 - Natalie Wood, actress
1986 - Cary Grant, actor
1991 - Frank Yerby, author
1999 - Gene Rayburn, game show host
2001 - George Harrison, musician (The Beatles)
Holidays and observances
International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
National Day in Albania
November 28 - November 30 - October 29 - December 29 -- listing of all days
January, February, March, April, May, June, July,
August, September, October, November, December