October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in Leap years). There are 78 days remaining.
1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill, seven miles from Hastings, the Norman invasion forces of William the Conqueror defeat the English army and kill King Harold II of England.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Bristol Station - Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union army out of Virginia.
1912 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper William Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt still delivers his scheduled speech.
1926 - The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is published for the first time.
1944 - World War II: Given the choice between a public treason trial and a certain death by firing squad or suicide with honor, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel chooses the latter.
1947 - Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 faster than the speed of sound, the first man to do so in level flight.
1960 - US presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the idea for the Peace Corps.
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
1964 - Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union, ousting Nikita Khrushchev.
1964 - American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.
1966 - The city of Montreal inaugurates its metro system (see Montreal Metro).
1968 - Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
1979 - The first gay rights march in the United States takes place in Washington, DC, involving many tens of thousands of people.
1981 - Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
1987 - 18 month old Jessica McClure ("Baby Jessica") falls down an abandoned well in Midland, Texas (her nationally televised rescue takes 58 hours).
1998 - Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
1630 - Sophia of Hanover
1633 - James II of England and VII of Scotland
1644 - William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania († 1718)
1857 - Elwood Haynes, automobile pioneer
1861 - Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer
1882 - Eamon de Valera, Irish politician and patriot († 1975)
1890 - Dwight D. Eisenhower, US General of the Army, 34th president of the United States
1893 - Lillian Gish, actress († 1993)
1894 - E. E. Cummings, American poet († 1962)
1904 - Christian Pineau, French World War II resistance fighter
1906 - Hannah Arendt, intellectual
1910 - John Wooden, basketball coach
1911 - Le Duc Tho, Nobel Peace Prize recipient († 1990)
1916 - C. Everett Koop, United States Surgeon General
1927 - Roger Moore, actor
1930 - Joseph Mobutu, president of Zaire († 1997)
1935 - La Monte Young, American composer
1938 - John W. Dean III, former White House counsel, Watergate figure
1938 - Empress Farah Diba of Iran
1939 - Ralph Lauren, fashion designer
1940 - Cliff Richard, British rock singer
1941 - Jerry Glanville, American football coach and commentator
1944 - Udo Kier, actor
1946 - Craig Venter, American biologist
1946 - Justin Hayward, musician ("The Moody Blues")
1958 - Thomas Dolby, rock musician
1969 - David Strickland, American actor († 1999)
1978 - Usher Raymond, singer, actor
1066 - Harold Godwinson, king of England
1660 - Thomas Harrison, English soldier
1944 - Erwin Rommel, German Feldmarschall
1959 - Errol Flynn, Australian actor
1976 - Dame Edith Evans, actress
1977 - Bing Crosby, American singer, actor
1990 - Leonard Bernstein, American composer, conductor
1997 - Harold Robbins, American novelist
1998 - Frankie Yankovic, polka musician
1998 - Cleveland Amory, writer, animal rights activist
2003 - Patrick Dalzel-Job, inspiration for Ian Fleming's James Bond
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
October 13 - October 15 - September 14 - November 14 - more historical anniversaries