451 - At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
1600 - San Marino adopts its written constitution.
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Perryville - Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
1871 - Great Chicago Fire: A large fire in Chicago, Illinois pre-empts news reporting of the Peshtigo, Wisconsin fire, burns 1,200,000 acres in one day, eventually destroys about 17,450 buildings, kills about 250 people and leaves another 90,000 homeless.
1871 - In Wisconsin, a forest fire starts to burn across six counties, eventually killing over 1,100 people.
1912 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1918 - World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
1939 - World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
1941 - World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
1944 - The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts
1957 - Walter O'Malley announces that the Dodgers are going to move from Brooklyn, New York to Los Angeles, California
1967 - Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
1968 - Vietnam War: Operation Sealords - United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1970 - Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
1982 - Poland bans Solidarity.
1990 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1991 - The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
1998 - Oslo Airport Gardermoen opens.
2001 - American radio talk show host, Rush Limbaugh announces to his listeners that he is completely deaf in his left ear and only has partial hearing in his right ear
2001 - A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118
1765 - Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer
1887 - Huntley Gordon, pioneer Hollywood actor († 1956)
1890 - Edward Rickenbacker, ace fighter pilot († 1973)
1895 - Juan Perón, former president of Argentina († 1974)
1917 - Walter Lord, author († 2002)
1917 - Billy Conn, boxer († 1993)
1920 - Frank Herbert, American science fiction writer († 1986)
1922 - Christian Barnard, heart surgeon
1926 - Klaus Kinski, actor († 1991)
1930 - Toru Takemitsu, composer († 1996)
1938 - Fred Stolle, tennis champion
1939 - Paul Hogan, Australian actor
1940 - David Carradine, actor
1941 - Jesse Jackson, American reverend and civil rights activist
1943 - Chevy Chase, comedian, actor
1943 - R. L. Stine, author
1946 - Dennis Kucinich, Congressman and Presidential Candidate
1947 - Tony Wilson, bassist, singer
1948 - Johnny Ramone, guitarist
1949 - Sigourney Weaver, American actress
1950 - Robert Bell, bassist and singer with Kool & the Gang
1951 - Johnny Ramone, rock and roll musician
1954 - Michael Dudikoff, actor
1956 - Stephanie Zimbalist, actress
1964 - CeCe Winans, singer
1965 - Ardal O'Hanlon, Irish comedian
1968 - Toni Braxton, singer
1970 - Matt Damon, actor
1976 - Renate Groenewold, Dutch speed skater
1754 - Henry Fielding, author
1793 - John Hancock, revolutionary, businessman
1869 - Franklin Pierce, President of the United States
1944 - Wendell Willkie, politician, candidate for President of the United States
1945 - Felix Salten, author (Bambi)
1953 - Nigel Bruce, actor
1967 - Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1982 - Fernando Lamas, actor
1992 - Willy Brandt, German politician
1996 - Mignon G. Eberhart, author
Independence day in Croatia
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December - more historical anniversaries
October 7 - October 9 - September 8 - November 8 - more historical anniversaries