1000 - Leif Ericsson discovers Vinland, becoming the first known European to set foot in North America.
1446 - The Hangul alphabet is created in Korea.
1635 - Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident after he spoke out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
1701 - The Collegiate School of Connecticut (later renamed Yale University) is chartered in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.
1776 - Father Francisco Palou founds Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco, California.
1812 - War of 1812: In a naval engagement on Lake Erie, American forces capture two British ships; the HMS Detroit and the HMS Caledonia.
1820 - Guayaquil declared independence from Ecuador.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Tom's Brook - Union cavalrymen in the Shenandoah Valley defeat Confederate forces at Tom's Brook, Virginia.
1871 - The Great Chicago Fire is brought under control.
1888 - The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
1914 - World War I: Siege of Antwerp - Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
1919 - Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds "win" the World Series.
1936 - Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to transmit electricity from the Colorado River 266 miles to Los Angeles, California.
1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain - During a nighttime air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral is pierced by a bomb.
1942 - Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
1944 - World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow to discuss the future of Europe.
1957 - Neil H. McElroy was sworn in as the 6th Secretary of Defense of United States.
1963 - Uganda becomes a republic.
1963 - In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when the Vaiont Dam breaks after a large landslide behind the dam causes water to overtop it.
1967 - A day after being caught, Che Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
1969 - In Chicago, Illinois, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection to the trial of the "Chicago Eight" (trial started on September 24).
1970 - The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
1986 - United States District Court Judge Harry E. Claiborne becomes the fifth federal official to be removed from office through impeachment.
1989 - An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
1989 - In Leipzig, East Germany protesters demand the legalization of opposition groups and democratic reforms.
1261 - King Dinis of Portugal
1585 - Heinrich Schütz, composer
1757 - Charles X of France
1813 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer
1835 - Camille Saint-Saens, French composer († 1921)
1859 - Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer († 1935)
1873 - Charles Walgreen, entrepreneur († 1939)
1886 - Rube Marquard, baseball star († 1980)
1888 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician
1890 - Aimee Semple McPherson, evangelist († 1944)
1892 - Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet
1900 - Alastair Sim, actor († 1976)
1907 - Quintin Hogg, later Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, British politician († 2001)
1909 - Jacques Tati, actor († 1982)
1909 - Frederick Coggan, Archbishop of Canterbury († 2000)
1911 - Joe Rosenthal, photographer
1923 - Fyvush Finkel, actor
1937 - Brian Blessed, actor
1938 - Heinz Fischer, Austrian politician
1940 - John Lennon, British musician, songwriter († 1980)
1941 - Trent Lott, American politician
1944 - John Entwistle, British bassist of The Who († 2002)
1944 - Peter Tosh, Jamaican reggae musician († 1987)
1948 - Jackson Browne, musician
1952 - Sharon Arden, Married Ozzy Osbourne On July 04, 1982
1953 - Tony Shalhoub, actor
1954 - Scott Bakula, American television actor
1962 - Tommy Lee, American drummer
1969 - P.J. Harvey, musician
1970 - Savannah, pornographic movie actress († 1994)
1970 - Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer
1975 - Sean Lennon, musician, son of John Lennon and Yoko Ono
1253 - Robert Grosseteste, English statesman and bishop
1793 - Jean Joseph Marie Amiot, French missionary
1806 - Benjamin Banneker, American astronomer
1934 - King Alexander of Yugoslavia
1941 - Helen Morgan, singer, actress
1958 - Pope Pius XII
1962 - Milan Vidmar, Slovene electrical engineer and chess player.
1967 - Che Guevara, Argentine revolutionary and guerilla leader - executed.
1972 - Miriam Hopkins, actress
1974 - Oskar Schindler, businessman
1978 - Jacques Brel, Belgian musician
1987 - Clare Boothe Luce, diplomat
1991 - Thalmus Rasulala, actor
1995 - Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1996 - Walter Kerr, movie critic
2000 - David Dukes, actor
2001 - Dagmar, television personality
Hangul Day - South Korea: celebrating the native and scientific alphabet of Korea, the Hangul
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
October 8 - October 10 - September 9 - November 9 - more historical anniversaries