September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). There are 121 days remaining.
1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
1807 - Former US Vice President Aaron Burr is acquitted of treason. He had been accused of plotting to annex parts of Louisiana and Mexico to become part of an independent republic.
1836 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white woman to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly - Confederate General Robert E. Lee leads his forces in an attack on retreating Union troops in Chantilly, Virginia, driving them away.
1864 - American Civil War: Confederate General John Bell Hood evacuates Atlanta, Georgia after a four month siege mounted by Union General William T. Sherman.
1875 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
1894 - Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota kills more than 400 people.
1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation.
1914 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
1923 - An earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing about 100,000 people. See Great Kanto earthquake for detail.
1928 - Ahmet Zogu declares Albania to be a monarchy and proclaims himself king.
1939 - World War II: Nazi Germany attacks Poland, beginning the war.
1951 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand all sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty (for "Australia, New Zealand, United States").
1960 - Disgruntled railroad workers effectively halt operations of the Pennsylvania Railroad, marking the first shutdown in the history of the company (event lasted 2 days).
1969 - A coup in Libya brings Col. Moammar Qaddafi to power.
1970 - The last episode of the television sitcom I Dream of Jeannie airs on NBC. The show premiered on September 18, 1965.
1972 - In Reykjavik, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
1979 - The American Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 km.
1983 - Cold War: Korean Air Flight KAL-007 shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft entered Soviet airspace. All 269 on board die.
1985 - A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
1986 - The Soviet sea-liner Admiral Nakhimov collides with the bulk carrier Petr Vasev and sinks almost immediately, killing 448.
1991 - The Super Nintendo Entertainment System is released in North America.
1999 - A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 74, including 10 on the ground
1653 - Johann Pachelbel, German composer († 1706)
1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck, composer († 1921)
1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer, creator of Tarzan († 1950)
1887 - Blaise Cendrars, writer († 1961)
1906 - Joaquin Balaguer, Dominican politician and president
1907 - Walter Reuther, labor union leader († 1970)
1913 - Christian Nyby, director, film editor († 1993)
1920 - Richard Farnsworth, actor († 2000)
1921 - Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer († 1995)
1922 - Yvonne DeCarlo, actress
1922 - Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor († 2000)
1923 - Rocky Marciano, boxer († 1969)
1928 - George Maharis, actor
1933 - Conway Twitty, country music singer († 1993)
1933 - Ann W. Richards, Texas politician
1935 - Seiji Ozawa, conductor
1939 - Lily Tomlin, actress, comedienne
1946 - Barry Gibb, singer
1952 - Phil Hendrie, radio personality
1955 - Billy Blanks, martial arts expert
1957 - Gloria Estefan, singer
1962 - Ruud Gullit, Dutch football player
1966 - Tim Hardaway, American basketball player
1159 - Pope Adrian IV
1914 - Martha - the last passenger pigeon
1957 - Dennis Brain, French horn player
1969 - Drew Pearson, newspaper columnist
1970 - Francois Mauriac, author
1977 - Ethel Waters, singer, actress
1981 - Albert Speer, Nazi official
1983 - Henry M. Jackson, former Senator from Washington
1989 - A. Bartlett Giamatti, baseball commissioner
August 31 - September 2 - August 1 - October 1 - more historical anniversaries
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December