3761 BC - The first day of the Hebrew Calendar.
394 - Battle of Frigidus: The Christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankishish general Arbogast.
1522 - The Vittoria, one of the surviving ships of Ferdinand Magellan's expedition, returns to Sanlcar de Barrameda in Spain, becoming the first ship to circumnavigate the world.
1620 - The Pilgrims sail from Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower to settle in North America.
1628 - Puritans settle Salem which will later become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1847 - Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves in with Ralph Waldo Emerson and his family in Concord, Massachusetts.
1861 - American Civil War: Forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant bloodlessly capture Paducah, Kentucky, which gives the Union control the mouth of the Tennessee River.
1863 - American Civil War: Confederates evacuate Battery Wagner and Morris Island in South Carolina.
1901 - American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.
1915 - The first prototype tank is tested for the British Army for the first time.
1939 - World War II: South Africa declares war on Germany.
1941 - Holocaust: The requirement to wear the Star of David with the word "Jew" inscribed, is extended to all Jews over the age of 6 in German-occupied areas.
1948 - Juliana becomes Queen of the Netherlands.
1949 - Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.
1965 - War of 1965: India attacks Pakistan and announces that its forces will capture Lahore (city of Pakistan) in an hour.
1966 - In Cape Town, the South African architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd is stabbed to death during a parliamentary meeting.
1968 - Swaziland becomes independent.
1972 - Munich Massacre: Israeli athletes and coaches are killed when police assault Black September members in a failed hostage rescue in West Germany.
1976 - Cold War: Soviet air force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate on the island of Hokkaido in Japan and requests asylum from the United States.
1983 - The Soviet Union admits to shooting down Korean Air Flight KAL-007, stating that the pilots did not know it was a civilian aircraft when it violated Soviet airspace.
1985 - Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
1986 - In Istanbul, two Arab terrorists from Abu Nidal's terror organization kill 22 and wound six inside the Neve Shalom synagogue during Sabbath services.
1991 - The Soviet Union recognizes the independence of the Baltic states.
1991 - The name Saint Petersburg is restored to Russia's second largest city, which had been renamed "Leningrad" in 1924.
1995 - With the jury absent, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invokes his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination in the murder trial of O. J. Simpson.
1995 - Cal Ripken Jr breaks Lou Gehrig's record of playing 2131 consecutive baseball games.
1997 - Princess Diana's funeral at Westminster Abbey draws large crowds
2000 - In New York City, the United Nations Millennium Summit begins with more than 180 world leaders present.
2001 - Microsoft antitrust case: The United States Justice Department announces that it was no longer seeking to break-up software maker Microsoft and will instead seek a lesser antitrust penalty.
1757 - Marquis de Lafayette, Revolutionary War soldier († 1834)
1766 - John Dalton, British chemist and physicist († 1844)
1781 - Anton Diabelli, music publisher, editor and composer
1860 - Jane Addams, social worker († 1935)
1869 - Felix Salten, author († 1945)
1877 - Buddy Bolden, American jazz musician
1888 - Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr, head of the Kennedy family († 1969)
1890 - Claire Chennault, soldier († 1958)
1899 - Billy Rose, composer († 1966)
1900 - W.A.C. Bennett, British Columbia politician († 1979)
1901 - Ernst Weber, physicist
1904 - Slapsie Maxie Rosenbloom, boxer († 1976)
1928 - Robert M. Pirsig, author, creator of the Metaphysics of Quality
1937 - Jo Anne Worley, comedienne
1937 - Sergio Aragonés, illustrator
1944 - Roger Waters, musician (Pink Floyd)
1944 - Swoosie Kurtz, actress
1947 - Jane Curtin, actress
1958 - Jeff Foxworthy, comedian, actor, author
1964 - Rosie Perez, actress
1974 - Justin Whalin, actor
1974 - Tim Henman, tennis player
1985 - Ryan Hochstatter, poet, artist, sculptor, Romanticist
1688 - James II of England
1902 - Frederick Augustus Abel, British chemist
1952 - Gertrude Lawrence, actress
1962 - Hanns Eisler, composer
1966 - Hendrik Verwoerd, South African prime minister
1966 - Margaret Sanger, birth control activist
1984 - Ernest Tubb, country music singer
1998 - Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director
Holidays and observances
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
September 5 - September 7 - August 6 - October 6 - Historical anniversaries