Timeline of Belgrade

Timeline of Belgrade:

  • 7th millennium BC - First known neolithic settlement on teritorry of Belgrade
  • end of 1st century - The Romans colonize Singidunum
  • 91 - Roman military camp of Domitian's IV legion is in the city
  • 441 - The Huns destroyed the city
  • after 450 - Sarmatians are holding Singidunum
  • around 470 - The Ostrogoths expelled the Sarmatians from the town
  • 488 - The Gepids conquered Singidunum
  • 504 - The Goths capture it again
  • 510 - A peace treaty handed over the city to the Byzantine Empire
  • 535 - Byzantine emperor Justinian I renews Singidunum
  • 584 - The Avars conquer and sack it
  • 592 - Byzantine Empire regains the town
  • 7th century - The Avars destroy and burn down the town
  • around 630 - The Slavs conquered Singidunum
  • 827 - The Bulgarians got control of the fortress
  • 878 - First known written record of the Slavic name "Beograd"
  • 896 - Army of Hungarians attacked Belgrade
  • 971 - Byzantine Empire conquers Belgrade
  • after 976 - The town is taken by Emperor Samuel
  • 1018 - Emperor Basil II regains Belgrade for the Byzantine Empire
  • between 1018 and 1072 - ?
  • 1072 - Belgrade was again retaken by Byzantine Empire
  • 1096 - The city was destroyed by Hungarians, but remained control of Byzantine Empire
  • 1096-1189 - Crusaders are passing through Belgrade
  • 1127 - Hungarian king Stefan II destroyed Belgrade and used so obtained stones to build a fortress in Zemun
  • 1154 - Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus destroyed Zemun and takes the stones back to rebuild Belgrade
  • 1182 - Hungary attacked and sacked the city
  • 1185 - Byzantine Empire regained it by diplomacy
  • 1230 - Belgrade belongs to Bulgaria
  • 1232 - The city became part of Hungary
  • 1284 - Serb king Dragutin got Belgrade from Hungary; this is the first time that Belgrade came under Serb rule
  • 1316 - Milutin takes Belgrade from his brother by force
  • 1319 - The Hungarians deprive King Milutin of the city
  • 1382 - Brothers Horvat capture Belgrade
  • 1386 - Hungary regained it
  • 1403 - Despot Stefan Lazarević made Belgrade the capital of the medieval Serbia
  • 1427 - The Hungarians overtake Belgrade from Despot Djuradj Branković
  • 1440 - Turkey unsuccesfuly attacked Belgrade and heavily damaged the city
  • 1456 - Sultan Mahmud II sieged Belgrade; this siege was also unsuccessful
  • 1521 - Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent conquered Belgrade
  • 1688 - Duke Maximilian of Bavaria recaptured it
  • 1690 - Turks again capture Belgrade
  • 1717 - Prince Eugene of Savoy recaptured it
  • 1723-1736 - - Construction of the Belgrade fortress by Nikola Doksat de Mores
  • 1739 - Belgrade peace treaty between Austria and Turkey returns Belgrade to Turkey
  • 1789 - Marshal Gideon Ernst Laudon captures the city
  • 1791 - Peace of Svishtov returns Belgrade to the Turks
  • 1806 - Karadjordje liberates Belgrade; Belgrade is again the capital of Serbia
  • 1808 - First high school established
  • 1813 - The Turks reconquer the city
  • 1815 - Milos Obrenović started the Second Serbian Uprising and got hold of Belgrade
  • 1830 - Mahmud II proclaimed charter on Serbian autonomy
  • 1831 - First printing works established
  • 1835 - The first newspaper ("Novine srbske" - Serbian newspaper) published
  • 1840 - The first post office in Belgrade
  • 1841 - Belgrade became the capital of the Princedom of Serbia under Mihailo Obrenović
  • 1844 - The National Museum established
  • 1855 - First telegraph line in Serbia, Belgrade - Aleksinac, established
  • 1862 - After the conflict at Cukur-cesma Belgrade was bombarded from the Kalemegdan fortress
  • 1867 - In Kalemegdan, Turkish commander of the fortress pasha Ali-Riza handed over the keys of Belgrade to Knez Mihailo. The Turks have finally left Belgrade, never to return
  • 1878 - The Berlin Congress recognized independence of Serbia
  • 1882 - Belgrade is the capital of the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 1883 - The first phone lines in Belgrade
  • 1884 - Railway station and railway bridge over Sava constructed (still in use)
  • 1892 - The first modern water supply
  • 1893 - Electrification of the city
  • 1894 - The first electric tramway
  • 1903 - In May coup d'etat King Aleksandar Obrenović is assassinated, and King Petar I Karadjordjević gets the throne of Serbia
  • 1914 - Austrians bombarded and captured Belgrade
  • 1914 - Serbs liberate it
  • 1915 - German and Austrian troops led by August von Mackensen captured Belgrade
  • 1918 - The Serbs with help of allies liberate it
  • 1918 - Belgrade became the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
  • 1923 - Paris - Budapest air line extended to Belgrade
  • January 6th 1926 - King Aleksandar Karadjordjević dissolved the National Assembly and started his dictatorship
  • 1927 - Belgrade Airport opened
  • 1929 - Radio Belgrade started broadcasting
  • 1935 - The first bridge over the Danube, the Pancevacki most (Bridge of Pancevo) is built
  • 1937 - Belgrade Fair opened
  • March 27th 1941 - Huge protests against joining to the Axis
  • April 6th 1941 - Nazi Germany bombs Belgrade
  • April 12th 1941 - Nazi Germany occupies Belgrade
  • 1944 - American and other allies bomb Belgrade
  • October 20th 1944 - Belgrade liberated by the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia and Soviet Red Army; new communist government was arresting and liquidating political opponents and mobilized Belgrade youth
  • November 29th 1945 - The Constitutional Assembly proclaimed the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
  • Later in 1945 - Monarchy was abolished and Josip Broz Tito started to rule officially
  • 1946 - Industries nationalised
  • 1948 - Large number of regime opponents arrested and sentenced to hard labour
  • 1950 - Government introduced selfmanagement of the industry by the employees
  • 1958 - TV Belgrade started broadcasting
  • 1961 - The first Conference of Non-aligned Countries held in Belgrade
  • 1967 - The first BITEF held
  • 1968 - Students' protests in Belgrade
  • 1969 - Beogradjanka, one of the tallests buildings in the city built
  • 1971 - E75 highway through Belgrade and Gazela (Gaselle) bridge built
  • 1971 - The first FEST held
  • 1974 - New Constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia adopted
  • 1977-1978 - The Conference on European Security and Cooperation held in Belgrade
  • 1979 - Annual meetings of the World Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund held in Belgrade
  • 1980 - 21st General Assembyl of UNESCO held in Belgrade
  • 1983 - Annual Conference of UNCTAD held in Belgrade
  • 1988 - First meeting of the ministers of foreign affairs of the Balkan States
  • March 9th 1991 - Around 100.000 people demonstrate against the regime of Slobodan Milosevic. Police and army tanks on the streets of Belgrade
  • 1992 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia proclaimed
  • May 30th 1992 - The UN Security Council imposed economic embargo on Yugoslavia
  • 1993 - The highest hyperinflation in the history struck Belgrade, bringing many citizens to the limits of existence
  • 1994 - The end of the hyperinflation
  • 1995 - Underground railway station "Vukov spomenik" opened. Similar to the RER of Paris, this is to become thefirst station of Belgrade metro
  • 1996 - Mass protests after cancelling of local elections
  • 1997 - First non-communist government since 1944
  • 1999 - Belgrade was bombed by NATO
  • October 5 2000 - Slobodan Milosevic removed from power after huge protests in Belgrade
  • 2003 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia changed into Serbia and Montenegro



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