Timeline of Mongolian history

  • 1911: Mongolia declares independence under Bogd haan.
  • 1913: Mongolia signs a treaty with Tibet.
  • March 13, 1921: Provisional People's Government declares independence of Mongolia.
  • May 31, 1924: U.S.S.R signs agreement with Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China," whose "sovereignty" therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • May-September 16, 1939: Large scale fighting takes place between Japanese and Soviet-Mongolian forces along Khalkhyn Gol on Mongolia-Manchuria border, ending in defeat of the Japanese expeditionary force. Truce negotiated between U.S.S.R. and Japan.
  • October 6, 1949: Newly established People's Republic of China accepts recognition accorded Mongolia and agrees to establish diplomatic relations.
  • October 1961: Mongolia becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • January 27, 1987: Diplomatic relations established with the United States.
  • December 1989: First popular reform demonstrations. Mongolian Democratic Association organized.
  • January 1990: Large-scale demonstrations demanding democracy held in sub-zero weather.
  • March 2, 1990: Soviets and Mongolians announce that all Soviet troops will be withdrawn from Mongolia by 1992.
  • May 1990: Constitution amended to provide for multi-party system and new elections.
  • July 29, 1990: First democratic elections held.
  • September 3, 1990: First democratically elected People's Great Hural takes office.
  • February 12, 1992: New constitution goes into effect.
  • April 8, 1992: New election law passed.
  • June 28, 1992: Election for the first unicameral legislature (State Great Hural).
  • June 6, 1993: First direct presidential election.
  • June 30, 1996: Election of first noncommunist government.
  • July 2, 2000: Election of the former communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP); formation of new government by Prime Minister N. Enkhbayar.

See also: History of Mongolia, History of Mongolia (country)



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